Both the draft withdrawal agreement and the political declaration have a potentially considerable impact on the British Constitution. Some of the constitutional issues that are likely to arise in every bill on the implementation of the withdrawal agreement are the same: at a meeting of the Joint Committee on the Rights of EU and UK Citizens on Thursday, European Commission officials confirmed that British citizens will be able to settle, work and study in another EU country before the end of 2020, the date of the end of the Brexit transition. However, this right of movement is accompanied by restrictions, including the need to prove five years of uninterrupted stay in the block, said the participants in the meeting. On 13 November 2018, the EU decided that “decisive progress” had been made in the Brexit negotiations, and on 14 November the European Commission and the UK Government published a draft withdrawal agreement as well as three protocols (on the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the SOVEREIGN territories of the United Kingdom in Cyprus and Gibraltar) and nine annexes. The text of the negotiated withdrawal agreement and the political declaration on the framework for future EU-UK relations were approved by EU heads of state and government at a specially convened European Council on 25 November 2018. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transition period from March 29, 2019 to December 31, 2020 and will allow the parties to make the necessary legal and practice adjustments for the future (see below the Political Declaration on Future Relations after December 31, 2020). For EU and UK citizens, the free movement of people will continue until the end of the transition period. This will be achieved by transposing the operational parts of the 2004/38 Directive on the Free Movement of EU Citizens into the withdrawal agreement. The EU wants to continue to forge a close partnership with the UK.
We believe that it is possible to reach a fruitful agreement on the basis of the political declaration. However, it is important that we prepare for all possible outcomes of the negotiations. This includes preparing not to reach an agreement. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments amend about 5% of the text Since March, the EU and the UNITED Kingdom have continued regular rounds of negotiations despite the difficulties associated with the COVID 19 pandemic.